This descriptions details the amount of carbon dioxide equivalent prevented as a result of the work of the BOCS Foundation, which is also a short summary of the QFPS™ standard, and the methodology of the generation of QFPC™ carbon credits.

The BOCS Foundation’s expenditures on public utility work was millions of forints every years. We regard 20% of this as indirect costs (e.g. accounting), so we only calculate with 80% of the spendings:

year 20xx: xxxx thousand HUF → its 80%: yyyy thousand HUF

It is expedient to take inflation into account, which results in earlier spendings to worth more in the present. This makes it possible to use the relations of a fresh report on the efficiency of spendings in the case of earlier expenses. This kind of value tracking may be calculated using valorization multipliers. Based on the 1st appendix of the 35/2018. (III. 7.) government decree,[1] the above values are modified in the following way compared to 2016: zzzz thousand HUF

Since there is no Hungarian data available to estimate the cost efficieny of efforts aimed at preventing unintended pregnancies, we will use global data in the next step. According to the 2017 report of the UNFPA, the global average cost of preventing an unintended pregnancy for a year is 40.4 USD, or 10 965 HUF.[2] (2017.07.01. USD exchange rate: 271.55)

Using this exchange rate in our calculations, based on the spendings on public utility work of the BOCS Foundation in the last few years, the number of prevented unintended pregnancies is: z

What percentage of the unintended pregnancies ends in the birth of the unwanted child? According to the latest data, annually, there were 99 100 thousand unintended pregnancies of 227 000 thousand total pregnancies between 2010 and 2014,[3]  and 32% of unintended pregnancies ended in the birth of the unwanted child.[4] Therfore, 32% of the z number of the prevented unintended pregnancies attributed to the work of the BOCS Foundation would have resulted in the birth of the unwanted child, so the Foundation has prevented c number of unwanted births during this time.

According to the World Bank, the global carbon footprint is 4,97 tons per year (the most recent available data is from 2014).[5] This is the amount of greenhouse gases emitted by an average human in a year, calculated in carbon dioxide equivalent. According to the data of the World Bank, the average life expectancy in the world in 2015 was 71,9 years.[6] Based on these, the following formula may be used to assess the yearly GHG emissions prevented by the work of the BOCS Foundation in the past few years:

Number of unborn unwanted children c (capita) x average carbon footprint f (tonCO2e/year) x average life expectancy A (years) = G

G=c x f x A

Since the per capita carbon footprint may be predicted to decrease, we take the following into consideration to make our calculations more precise: in 2011, the European Communities agreed that compared to the levels of 1990, they will reduce their carbon emissions by 20% by 2020,  by 40% by 2030, by 60% by 2040, and by 80% by 2050.[7][8] According to the IPCC’s Fourth Assessment Report, this level of reduction has to be reached on a global scale in order to achieve the main goal of the Paris Agreement, which is limiting global average temperature increase at 2°C, compared to pre-industrial levels.[9]

Globally, the 1990 per capita carbon footprint was 4,19 tonnes, and now it is 4,97, which is 119% of the former. The expected  2050 global per capita carbon footprint will be 0,84 tonnes, which is 17% of the 2014 level. Between 2014 and 2050, we are assuming that emission levels will decrease according to a linear function, from 4,97 tonnes per year to 0,84 tonnes per year, and then it will stabilize at that level.
How QFPC™ Carbon Credits are generated? - QFPC™

Thus, the above G value changes to QFPC tonCO2e.


[1] Hungarian Bulletin, 2018/32 , page 4203.,
[2] UNFPA Supplies Annual Report 2017, UNFPA, 2018, pp. 14-15.,
[3] Singh S et al., Abortion Worldwide 2017: Uneven Progress and Unequal Access, New York: Guttmacher Institute, 2018., p. 52.,
[4] Ibid, 37. o.,
[5] CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), The World Bank Group,
[6] Life expectancy at birth, total (years), The World Bank Group,
[7] R. Andreas Kraemer, Roadmap for a Low-Carbon Economy by 2050, 2011,
[8] 2050 low-carbon economy, European Commission Cliate Action, Climate strategies & targets,
[9] Gupta, S.; et al., “Chapter 13: Policies, instruments, and co-operative arrangements”, Box 13.7 The range of the difference between emissions in 1990 and emission allowances in 2020/2050 for various GHG concentration levels for Annex I and non-Annex I countries as a group , in IPCC AR4 WG3 2007